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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Vaccination response to tetanus toxoid and 23-valent pneumococcal vaccines following administration of a single dose of abatacept: a randomized, open-label, parallel group study in healthy subjects

Lee Tay1*, Francisco Leon2, George Vratsanos3, Ralph Raymond4 and Michael Corbo3

Author Affiliations

1 Clinical Discovery, Bristol-Myers Squibb, PO Box 4000, Princeton, NJ 08543-4000, USA

2 Clinical Development, Inflammatory Diseases, MedImmune, 1 MedImmune Way, Gaithersburg, MD 20878, USA

3 Global Clinical Research, Immunology, PO Box 4000, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ 08543-4000, USA

4 Global Biometric Sciences, PO Box 4000, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ 08543-4000, USA

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Arthritis Research & Therapy 2007, 9:R38  doi:10.1186/ar2174

Published: 10 April 2007

Abstract

The effect of abatacept, a selective T-cell co-stimulation modulator, on vaccination has not been previously investigated. In this open-label, single-dose, randomized, parallel-group, controlled study, the effect of a single 750 mg infusion of abatacept on the antibody response to the intramuscular tetanus toxoid vaccine (primarily a memory response to a T-cell-dependent peptide antigen) and the intramuscular 23-valent pneumococcal vaccine (a less T-cell-dependent response to a polysaccharide antigen) was measured in 80 normal healthy volunteers. Subjects were uniformly randomized to receive one of four treatments: Group A (control group), subjects received vaccines on day 1 only; Group B, subjects received vaccines 2 weeks before abatacept; Group C, subjects received vaccines 2 weeks after abatacept; and Group D, subjects received vaccines 8 weeks after abatacept. Anti-tetanus and anti-pneumococcal (Danish serotypes 2, 6B, 8, 9V, 14, 19F and 23F) antibody titers were measured 14 and 28 days after vaccination. While there were no statistically significant differences between the dosing groups, geometric mean titers following tetanus or pneumococcal vaccination were generally lower in subjects who were vaccinated 2 weeks after receiving abatacept, compared with control subjects. A positive response (defined as a twofold increase in antibody titer from baseline) to tetanus vaccination at 28 days was seen, however, in ≥ 60% of subjects across all treatment groups versus 75% of control subjects. Similarly, over 70% of abatacept-treated subjects versus all control subjects (100%) responded to at least three pneumococcal serotypes, and approximately 25–30% of abatacept-treated subjects versus 45% of control subjects responded to at least six serotypes.