Dynamic magnetic resonance of the wrist in psoriatic arthritis reveals imaging patterns similar to those of rheumatoid arthritis
1 Clinica Reumatologica, Dipartimento di Medicina Interna e Specialità Mediche, Università di Genova, Italy
2 ESAOTE Biomedica, Genova, Italy
3 Sezione di Diagnostica Radiologica, Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale, Università di Genova, Italy
Arthritis Research & Therapy 2005, 7:R725-R731 doi:10.1186/ar1734Published: 1 April 2005
This dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study is concerned with a prospective evaluation of wrist synovitis in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in comparison with patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and healthy controls. Fifteen consecutive patients with PsA, 49 consecutive patients with RA, 30 RA patients matched for disease severity with those with PsA, and 8 healthy controls were studied. MRI was performed with a low-field (0.2T), extremity-dedicated machine. After an intravenous bolus injection of gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid, 20 consecutive fast spin-echo axial images of the wrist were obtained every 18 s. The enhancement ratio was calculated both as rate of early enhancement (REE), which shows the slope of the curve of contrast uptake per second during the first 55 s, and as relative enhancement (RE), which indicates the steady state of enhancement. The REE was 1.0 ± 0.6 in patients with PsA, 1.6 ± 0.7 in consecutive patients with RA, and 0.1 ± 0.1 in controls (p <0.001). The RE was 87.1 ± 39.2 in patients with PsA, 125.8 ± 48.0 in consecutive RA patients, and 15.5 ± 19.2 in controls (p <0.001). However, the same figures in matched RA patients were 1.3 ± 0.7 and 107.3 ± 48.2, respectively (not significant in comparison with PsA). Rheumatoid-like PsA and oligoarticular PsA did not differ from each other in terms of synovial enhancement. Dynamic MRI shows the same pattern of synovitis in patients with PsA and RA when the two groups are matched for disease severity. This technique cannot be used to differentiate PsA from RA. However, REE and RE were significantly higher in PsA than in normal controls, with only one instance of overlap between values found for the two groups.