Figure 6.

Histological scores. In the short-term test, hyaluronic acid (HA)-treated antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) rats showed a significant reduction of (a) the acute inflammation score compared with untreated AIA rats (* P < 0.05). The score of (b) chronic inflammation and (c) cartilage damage did not show significant differences between HA-treated rats and untreated AIA rats. In the long-term test, (a) the acute inflammation was reduced in both AIA groups compared with that in the short-term test (HA-treated AIA rats, P < 0.05; untreated AIA rats, P < 0.001; significance not indicated); nonetheless, the HA-treated AIA rats showed significantly higher scores than untreated AIA rats on day 29 (* P < 0.05). (b) The scores of chronic inflammation were reduced in both AIA groups compared with the short-term test (untreated AIA rats, P < 0.001; HA-treated AIA rats, P < 0.01; significance not indicated); nonetheless, the HA-treated rats showed significantly higher scores than untreated AIA rats on day 29 (* P < 0.05). (c) The cartilage damage was relatively low in both untreated rats and HA-treated AIA rats, but HA-treated AIA rats showed a significantly higher damage (* P < 0.05).

Roth et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2005 7:R677-R686   doi:10.1186/ar1725
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