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Open Access Research article

Differential gene expression in pristane-induced arthritis susceptible DA versus resistant E3 rats

Lena Wester1*, Dirk Koczan1, Jens Holmberg2, Peter Olofsson2, Hans-Jürgen Thiesen1, Rikard Holmdahl2 and Saleh Ibrahim1

Author Affiliations

1 Institute für Immunologie, Universität Rostock, Rostock, Germany

2 Medical Inflammation Research, Biomedical Center, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

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Arthritis Res Ther 2003, 5:R361-R372  doi:10.1186/ar993

Published: 2 October 2003

Abstract

Arthritis susceptibility genes were sought by analysis of differential gene expression between pristane-induced arthritis (PIA)-susceptible DA rats and PIA-resistant E3 rats. Inguinal lymph nodes of naïve animals and animals 8 days after pristane injection were analyzed for differential gene expression. mRNA expression was investigated by microarray and real-time PCR, and protein expression was analyzed by flow cytometry or ELISA. Twelve genes were significantly differentially expressed when analyzed by at least two independent methods, and an additional five genes showed a strong a tendency toward differential expression. In naïve DA rats IgE, the bone marrow stromal cell antigen 1 (Bst1) and the MHC class II β-chain (MhcII) were expressed at a higher level, and the immunoglobulin kappa chain (Igκ) was expressed at a lower level. In pristane-treated DA rats the MHC class II β-chain, gelatinase B (Mmp9) and the protein tyrosine phosphatase CL100 (Ptpn16) were expressed at a higher level, whereas immunoglobulins, the CD28 molecule (Cd28), the mast cell specific protease 1 (Mcpt1), the carboxylesterase precursor (Ces2), K-cadherin (Cdh6), cyclin G1 (Ccng1), DNA polymerase IV (Primase) and the tumour associated glycoprotein E4 (Tage) were expressed at a lower level. Finally, the differentially expressed mRNA was confirmed with protein expression for some of the genes. In conclusion, the results show that animal models are well suited for reproducible microarray analysis of candidate genes for arthritis. All genes have functions that are potentially important for arthritis, and nine of the genes are located within genomic regions previously associated with autoimmune disease.

Keywords:
arthritis; differential gene expression; microarray; quantitative trait locus; rat