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This article is part of the supplement: 22nd European Workshop for Rheumatology Research

Meeting abstract

Interaction of intimal fibroblasts with intracavitary fibrin: a morphologic follow up in ovalbumin arthritis

O Sánchez-Pernaute, R Largo, I Díez-Ortego, MA Alvarez-Soria, E Calvo, M Lopez-Armada and G Herrero-Beaumont

Author Affiliations

Jiménez Díaz Foundation, Madrid, Spain

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Arthritis Res 2002, 4(Suppl 1):11  doi:10.1186/ar445

The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:


Received:15 January 2002
Published:4 February 2002

©

Background

An imbalance between haemostasia and fibrinolysis, and subsequent fibrin generation within the rheumatoid joint could have a role in disease perpetuation.

Objective

To study fibrin formation at the synovial space in a model of rheumatoid arthritis, and its possible role in activating the synovial cells from inside of the cavity.

Methods

Antigen arthritis was induced by injecting ovalbumin into rabbits' knees. We looked for the appearance of fibrin in the effusion and at the inflamed tisues with immunohistochemistry, in a sequential fashion (from 24 hour to 1 week after disease induction). Morphologic changes at the intimal synovial surface in contact with fibrin matrices were studied over a long period of time by several qualitative variables. Analysis of the variables was carried out with Kruskall Wallis and Mann Whitney nonparametric tests, and linear regression was performed using the least squares method.

Results

Fibrin aggregates appeared from the initial stages of the disease at the synovial effusion. Later on, they were localised on the synovial surface. Differentiation of the aggregates from the underlying synovial tissue was easy at the beginning, but then progressive changes were noted at the fibrin-tissue interface, ending with the invasion of the aggregates by synovial cells and their incorporation into the tissue. The process involved cross-linking of fibrin matrices with fibronectin, and synoviocyte proliferation and migration.

Conclusion

Fibrin aggregates generated inside the joint cavity may constitute a source of activation and acquisition of invasiveness of synovial fibroblasts, a process to explore between the perpetuating mechanisms of rheumatoid arthritis.