Table 2

Summary of educational needs across diagnostic groups
Diagnoses Domains Age Gender Disease duration Educational background
Older, mean (SD) Younger, mean (SD)

MD

(95% CI)

P-value Male, mean (SD) Female, mean (SD) MD (95% CI) P-value Longer, mean (SD) Shorter, mean (SD) MD (95% CI) P-value Basic, mean (SD) Higher, mean (SD) MD (95% CI) P-value

RA

(n = 130)

Pain 15.13 (5.29) 15.42 (5.11) -0.28 (-2.24,1.67) 0.772 14.95 (4.89) 15.4 (5.24) -0.45 (-2.75, 1.83) 0.693 15.31 (5.10) 14.48 (5.15) 0.83 (-1.51, 3.17) 0.484 15.39 (5.17) 15.12 (5.06) 0.27 (-1.93, 2.47) 0.810
Movement 11.50 (5.05) 11.63 (5.32) -0.12 (-2.00, 1.75) 0.894 9.85 (5.77)* 12.12 (4.89) * -2.27 0.040* 12.20 (4.91)* 9.02 (5.38)* 3.17 (0.99, 5.35)* 0.005* 12.05 (4.94) 10.08 (5.78) 1.97 (-0.18, 4.12) 0.073
(-4.45, -0.10)*
Feelings 8.38 (5.18) 9.14 (4.27) -0.75 (-2.44, 0.93) 0.382 7.23 (4.80)* 9.33 (4.55)* -.2.10 0.033* 9.17 (4.72) 7.42 (4.59) 1.75 (-3.02, 2.35) 0.087 9.00 (4.60) 8.18 (4.83) 0.82 (-1.09, 2.75) 0.396
(-4.04, -0.17)*
Arthritis 21.96 (5.28) 22.38 (5.38) -0.42 (-2.36, 1.51) 0.677 21.62 (5.30) 22.44 (5.34) -0.82 (-3.07, 1.42) 0.469 22.19 (5.54) 21.75 (4.66) 0.44 (-1.85, 2.73) 0.704 22.80 (4.84) 20.82 (5.79) 1.98 (-0.19, 4.15) 0.074
Treatments 18.38 (6.00) 18.26 (5.89) 0.11 (-2.20, 2.41) 0.923 16.83 (5.67) 18.87 (5.94) -2.03 (-4.66, 0.59) 0.127 18.19 (5.83) 18.53 (6.43) -0.33 (-3.02, 2,35) 0.807 18.39 (5.41) 18.09 (7.22) 0.30 (-2.28, 2.89) 0.816
Self-help 16.05 (5.33) 16.67 (5.06) 0.97 (-2.54, 1.30) 0.536 15.57 (4.80) 16.71 (5.24) -1.13 (-3.33, 1.07) 0.311 16.45 (5.05) 16.11 (5.53) 0.33 (-1.87, 2.53) 0.765 16.51 (5.24) 16.20 (4.95) 1.04 (-0.57, 2.67) 0.78
Support 7.45 (4.10) 7.73 (3.72) -0.28 (-1.71, 1.15) 0.700 6.93 (3.77) 7.86 (3.92) -0.93 (-2.62, 0.75) 0.276 7.94 (3.90) 6.41 (3.74) 1.52 (-0.13, 3.19) 0.072 7.82 (3.79) 6.78 (4.06) 1.04 (-0.57, 2.67) 0.20
Total ENAT Score 96.61 (30.18) 101 (29.69) -5.20 (-17.79,7.38) 0.412 91.18 (31.71) 102.81 (28.84) -11.63 (-25.77, 2.51) 0.106 101.09 (29.95) 93.85 (30.00) 7.24 (-6.98,21.47) 0.314 109.92 (28.04) 96.06 (34.56) 4.86 (-9.10,18.83) 0.49

PsA

(n = 125)

Pain 17.73 (4.81)* 15.50 (4.80)* 2.23 (0.03, 4.43)* 0.050* 15.20 (5.25) 16.89 (4.09) -1.69 (-3.49, 0.10) 0.065 16.29 (4.88) 14.87 (4.64) 1.41 (-0.69, 3.51) 0.186 16.17 (0.48) 15.51 (1.31) 0.66 (-1.71, 3.04) 0.581
Movement 10.75 (4.91) 10.39 (5.37) 0.35 (-1.93, 2.65) 0.760 9.15 (5.34)* 11.86 (4.86)* -2.70 0.005* 10.65 (5.20) 9.65 (5.25) 1.00 (-1.17, 3.18) 0.365 11.03 (5.00)* 7.90 (5.92)* 3.12 (0.69, 5.56)* 0.012*
(-4.59, -0.82)*
Feelings 9.46 (3.82) 9.17 (4.50) 0.28 (-1.58, 2.16) 0.762 7.99 (3.96)* 10.31 (4.76)* -2.31 0.004* 9.20 (4.21) 8.90 (4.96) 0.29 (-1.53, 2.11) 0.753 9.48 (4.46) 7.74 (4.03) 1.74 (-0.31, 3.79) 0.096
(-3.89, -0.73)*
Arthritis 21.40 (4.17) 20.67 (4.92) 0.72 (-1.38, 2.83) 0.491 20.22 (4.85) 21.43 (4.66) -1.21 (-2.97, 0.53) 0.171 21.10 (4.63) 20.15 (5.04) 0.95 (-1.03, 2.94) 0.343 21.39 (4.60) 18.60 (4.40) 2.79 (0.51, 5.07) 0.017
Treatments 19.16 (4.25) 17.40 (5.81) 1.27 (0.77, 4.28) 0.170 16.90 (5.72) 18.77 (5.29) -1.86 (-3.95, 0.22) 0.079 17.84 (5.55) 17.56 (5.48) 0.28 (-2.07, 2.65) 0.809 18.19 (5.43) 16.12 (5.93) 2.06 (-0.63, 4.77) 0.133
Self-help 17.17 (4.54) 16.23 (4.89) 0.94 (-1.12, 3.01) 0.373 15.84 (5.02) 17.48 (4.42) -1.64 (-3.39, 0.10) 0.065 16.58 (4.78) 15.88 (4.75) 0.69 (-1.29, 2.68) 0.491 16.66 (4.77) 16.17 (5.21) 0.48 (-1.78, 2.76) 0.671
Support 8.28 (3.16) 7.26 (4.28) 1.02 (-0.80, 2.84) 0.275 6.85 (4.00) 8.15 (4.10) -1.29 (-2.80, 0.20) 0.091 7.53 (3.89) 7.20 (4.59) 0.32 (-1.39, 2.04) 0.709 7.81 (4.12) 5.97 (3.82) 1.83 (-0.11, 3.78) 0.065
Total ENAT Score 95.67 (28.52) 105.76 (24.33) 10.09 (-4.39, 24.58) 0.179 91.23 (28.47) 104.98 (25.37) -13.74 (-24.89, -2.60) 0.016 98.13 (26.82) 94.14 (30.22) 3.99 (-9.11,17.11) 0.546 99.54 (26.87) 85.88 (31.58) 13.66 (-1.40,28.73) 0.075

HOA

(n = 48)

Pain 15.09 (5.29) 16.78 (3.50) -1.69 (-5.72, 2.33) 0.399 8.22 (5.27)* 17.02 (3.77)* 1.77(-12.39, -5.18)* 0.001* 15.14 (5.13) 15.63 (7.26) -0.47 (-7.01,6.06) 0.883 15.69 (5.13) 15.56 (5.30) 0.12 (-4.24, 4.49) 0.953
Movement 4.57 (6.21) 2.85 (2.12) 1.72 (-2.00,5.44) 0.356 1.33 (0.87) 4.65 (5.75) -3.31 (-7.47, 0.83) 0.115 3.74 (5.25) 1.76 (0.41) 1.97 (-4.25, 8.21) 0.524 4.43 (5.86) 2.31 (0.81) 2.11 (-2.11, 6.34) 0.318
Feelings 9.12 (5.34) 9.61 (3.68) -0.49 (-3.87, 2.88) 0.769 2.64 (4.28)* 10.62 (3.73)* -7.98 0.001* 8.64 (5.06) 9.84 (2.84) -1.19 (-7.24, 4.84) 0.690 9.16 (4.81) 9.59 (5.44) -0.42 (-4.28, 3.42) 0.824
(-10.98, -4.98)*
Arthritis 17.73 (7.62) 20.18 (5.40) -2.45 (-7.51, 2.61) 0.332 9.43 (8.67)* 20.11 (5.25)* -10.68 0.001* 17.91 (7.49) 15.16 (0.00) 2.75 (-6.14,11.65) 0.534 18.31 (6.83) 18.64 (8.41) -0.32 (-5.97, 5.31) 0.907
(-15.58, -5.77)*
Treatments 9.52 (7.63) 9.24 (8.02) 0.28 (-5.45, 6.02) 0.923 3.51 (2.68)* 10.75 (7.76)* -7.23 0.021* 9.21 (7.80) 6.40 (0.00) 2.81 (-6.48,12.11) 0.542 9.40 (7.34) 9.71 (9.83) -0.30 (-7.26, 6.64) 0.929
(-13.31, -1.16)*
Self-help 18.98 (4.98) 20.38 (3.20) -1.39 (-4.54, 1.74) 0.375 14.10 (7.11)* 20.43 (3.08)* -6.32 0.001* 19.38 (5.00) 17.79 (0.00) 1.59 (-4.14, 4.45) 0.590 19.57 (4.65) 18.73 (4.11) 0.83 (-2.76, 4.44) 0.641
(-9.58, -3.05)*
Support 4.83 (3.96) 5.99 (3.38) -1.15 (-3.77, 1.45) 0.375 1.86 (2.02)* 5.80 (3.72)* -3.93 0.006* 4.62 (3.60) 4.47 (1.96) 0.15 (-4.14, 4.45) 0.942 4.86 (3.59) 6.06 (4.57) -1.20 (-4.05, 1.64) 0.400
(-6.69, -1.18)*
Total ENAT Score 77.77 (31.65) 97.82 (21.70) -20.04 (-48.09, 8.00) 0.155 33.94 (26.77)* 90.82 (21.82)* -56.88 0.001* 80.02 (34.36) 71.05 (11.10) 8.96 (-32.91,50.84) 0.663 82.17 (29.18) 78.97 (41.83) 3.20 (-27.99, 4.39) 0.835
(-79.42, -34.33)*

MD, mean difference (older-younger for age, male-female for gender, longer-shorter for disease duration and basic-higher for disease duration). P-value ≤0.05 represents significance effects against the null hypothesis on 'no difference’. *Statistically significant results. Older/younger age cutoff is based on disease-specific median age; shorter/longer disease duration cutoff is based on disease-specific 25th percentile. RA, rheumatoid arthritis; PsA, psoriatic arthritis; HOA, hand osteoarthritis; ENAT, Educational Needs Assessment Tool.

Drăgoi et al.

Drăgoi et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2013 15:R156   doi:10.1186/ar4339

Open Data