Table 1

Definitions of hypertension phenotypes according to the European Society of Hypertension recommendationsa
Characteristics Definitions
Optimal office BP Systolic BP ≤129 and Diastolic BP ≤79
Abnormal/uncontrolled office BP Systolic BP >139 or Diastolic BP >89
Abnormal/uncontrolled home BP Systolic BP >134 or Diastolic BP >84
Abnormal/uncontrolled 24-hour BP Systolic BP >129 or Diastolic BP >79
Office hypertension Abnormal office BP and/or antihypertensive drug treatment
Out-of-office hypertension Abnormal out-of-office BP and/or antihypertensive drug treatment
Masked hypertension phenomenon Normal office BP in the presence of abnormal/uncontrolled out-of-office BP
White coat hypertension phenomenon Abnormal/uncontrolled office BP in the presence of normal out-of-office BP
Sustained normal BP Normal office BP in the presence of normal out-of-office BP
Sustained elevated BP Abnormal/uncontrolled office BP in the presence of abnormal/uncontrolled out-of-office BP
Known hypertension Medical interview defined status as presence of BP-lowering drug treatment or under lifestyle modification for previously diagnosed hypertension

aBP: blood pressure (mmHg). Definitions are based on the European Society of Hypertension Guidelines [19,27].

Protogerou et al.

Protogerou et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2013 15:R142   doi:10.1186/ar4324

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