Figure 7.

Role of MAP kinases in mediating the effects of fHAs in IVD cells. Cultured intervertebral disc (IVD) cells were treated for 15 minutes with hyaluronic acid fragments (fHAs) (20 μg/ml), interleukin (IL)-1β (5 ng/ml), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (25 ng/ml) or left untreated and whole cell extracts harvested for Western blot analysis using antibodies specific to phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated SAPK/JNK (54/46) (A), ERK 1/2 (44/42) (B) and p38 (C). (D, E) IVD cells were treated with fHA (20 μg/ml) alone (Control) or in combination with MAP kinase inhibitors (10 μM) specific for p38 (SB203580), ERK 1/2 (PD98059) or SAPK/JNK (SP600125) and IL-6 (D) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 (E) protein levels determined by specific ELISA (n = 4). In all cases, analyses were carried out in triplicate and values expressed as mean ± S.D. Statistical analysis was performed using Students t-test, * P <0.05, ** P <0.01 as compared to cells treated with fHAs alone (Control).

Quero et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2013 15:R94   doi:10.1186/ar4274
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