Table 2

Trait Emotional Intelligence profile comparison between rheumatoid arthritis and healthy control groups (means; t-tests)

Factor/Facet

Rheumatoid arthritis (n = 637)

Mean (SD)

Healthy controls (n = 496)

Mean (SD)

t - value

Effect size (Cohen's d)


Well-being

5.10 (1.06)

5.27 (0.82)

3.03***

0.18

Self esteem

4.76 (1.04)

4.97 (0.83)

3.79***

0.22

Happiness

5.35 (1.31)

5.55 (1.01)

2.83**

0.17

Optimism

5.18 (1.18)

5.29 (0.98)

1.60

0.10


Self-control

4.65 (0.86)

4.66 (0.80)

0.14

0.01

Emotion regulation

4.53 (0.97)

4.56 (0.86)

0.60

0.03

Stress management

4.47 (1.11)

4.69 (0.99)

3.51***

0.21

Low impulsiveness

4.97 (0.97)

4.73 (0.97)

4.05***

0.25


Emotionality

5.21 (0.81)

5.08 (0.74)

2.66**

0.17

Emotion perception

4.92 (0.95)

4.89 (0.83)

0.50

0.03

Emotion expression

4.83 (1.36)

4.82 (1.21)

0.10

0.01

Relationships

5.71 (0.82)

5.46 (0.80)

5.26***

0.31

Empathy

5.36 (0.83)

5.15 (0.79)

4.21***

0.26


Sociability

4.70 (0.82)

4.95 (0.75)

5.39***

0.32

Social awareness

4.90 (0.99)

5.04 (0.88)

2.37*

0.15

Emotion management

4.59 (0.82)

4.84 (0.85)

4.99***

0.30

Assertiveness

4.60 (1.06)

4.98 (0.87)

6.46***

0.39


Adaptability

4.55 (1.02)

4.74 (0.84)

3.26***

0.20


Self-motivation

5.01 (0.91)

4.89 (0.82)

2.38*

0.14


Global trait

Emotional intelligence

4.92 (0.72)

4.97 (0.61)

1.45

0.08


*P (value) <0.05; **P (value) <0.01; ***P (value) <0.0025 following Bonferroni adjustment to control for experiment-wise Type I error.

Tillmann et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2013 15:R45   doi:10.1186/ar4204

Open Data