Table 2

Comparison of pain and tender points with alcohol use (number of patients = 946)

Characteristic

Alcohol consumption levela

P-value

Adjusted

P-valueb


None

(n = 546)

Low

(n = 338)

Moderate

(n = 31)

Heavy

(n = 31)


Pain score, mean (SD)c

Now

6.2 (1.7)

5.8 (1.9)

5.4 (1.9)

5.5 (1.4)

0.003

0.11

Best

3.9 (1.9)

3.6 (1.8)

2.9 (1.6)

3.2 (1.7)

0.002

0.13

Worst

9.3 (1.6)

9.1 (1.6)

8.5 (1.7)

8.8 (1.8)

0.01

0.21

Tender points, mean number (SD)

16.2 (2.1)

16.3 (2.1)

14.9 (2.7)

15.3 (2.6)

0.001

0.01


aAlcohol consumption levels were defined as follows: none, 0 drinks/wk; low, ≤3 drinks/wk; moderate, >3 to 7 drinks/wk; heavy, >7 drinks/wk. bAfter adjusting for age, employment status, education level, body mass index and opioid use. cPain score was evaluated using a numeric rating scale (range of possible scores, 1 to 10).

Kim et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2013 15:R42   doi:10.1186/ar4200

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