Table 2

Echocardiographic and hemodynamic parameters of systemic sclerosis patients

Cardiac parameters

Mean ± SD


LV diastolic diameter (mm)

44.9 ± 6.3

LV EF (Simpson Biplano) (%)

66.0 ± 5.4

Thickness of the interventricular septum (mm)

9.5 ± 1.3

E/A

1.0 ± 0.3


E/A, early/late diastolic velocity ratio; EF, ejection fraction; LV, left ventricle

Vacca et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2013 15:R8   doi:10.1186/ar4136

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