Table 1

Proposed subtitling and guidelines for various research project categories

Research project

Randomized trials

Observational studies

Systematic reviews and meta-analyses

Diagnostic test studies

Reliability and agreement studies

Research in animal studies


Last part of suggested title (that is, Title Suffix)

A randomized controlled trial

A cross-sectional study

A cohort study

A case-control study

A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials

A diagnostic accuracy study

A reliability and agreement study

An in vivo animal research study

Statement or guideline to consult

CONSORT statement

STROBE statement

PRISMA statement

STARD statement

GRRAS statement

ARRIVE statement

PubMed ID

PMID: 20332511

PMID: 17938389

PMID: 19622512

PMID: 12513067

PMID: 21130355

PMID: 20613859


ARRIVE, Animals in Research Reporting In Vivo Experiments; CONSORT, CONsolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials; GRRAS, Guidelines for Reporting Reliability and Agreement Studies; PRISMA, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses; STARD, Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy; STROBE, Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology.

Christensen et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2013 15:109   doi:10.1186/ar4145