Suboptimal cardiovascular risk factor identification and management in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a cohort analysis
1 Division of Rheumatology, University of Michigan Health System, 1500 East Medical Center Dr., Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
2 Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research, University of Michigan Medical School, 2800 Plymouth Road, Building 400, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Arthritis Research & Therapy 2012, 14:R270 doi:10.1186/ar4118
See related editorial by Nurmohamed and Peters, http://arthritis-research.com/content/15/2/111Published: 13 December 2012
Accelerated cardiovascular (CV) disease significantly contributes to increased mortality in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, with a risk comparable to the one observed in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Part of this enhanced risk in RA is attributed to traditional cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs). The aims of this study were to determine how often traditional CRFs are identified and managed by (a) rheumatologists, compared with primary care physicians (PCPs) in RA patients; and (b) PCPs among patients with RA, DM, and the general population (GP).
A retrospective cohort study compared age/gender/ethnicity-matched patients from three groups: RA, DM, and GP (without RA or DM); n = 251 patients per group. Electronic patient records were reviewed during a continuous 12-month period between June 2007 and April 2011 to assess whether CRFs were identified and managed.
In RA patients, PCPs managed obesity, BP, and lipids significantly more often than did rheumatologists. PCPs managed obesity, BP, and lipids significantly more often in diabetic patients than in the other two groups, and more often in the GP than in RA patients. In patients with elevated BMI, PCPs managed weight in 68% of the DM group, 46% of the GP, and 31% of the RA group (P < 0.0001 for all groups; P = 0.006 between RA and GP groups).
Rheumatologists identify and manage CRFs less frequently than PCPs. PCPs manage CRFs less frequently in RA patients, compared to the GP and DM. Given the increased CV risk associated with RA, physicians need to more aggressively manage CRFs in these patients.