Body mass index influences the response to infliximab in ankylosing spondylitis
1 Rheumatology Department, AP-HP, Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité University, Bichat Claude Bernard Hospital, 46 rue Henri Huchard, Paris, 75018, France
2 Rheumatology A Department, AP-HP, Paris Descartes University, Cochin Hospital, 27 rue du Faubourg Saint-Jacques, Paris, 75014, France
3 INSERM U1016, Paris Descartes University, Cochin Hospital, 27 rue du Faubourg Saint-Jacques, Paris, 75014, France
4 Epidemiology Biostatistics and Clinical Research Department, AP-HP, INSERM, CIE801, Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité University, Bichat Claude Bernard Hospital, 46 rue Henri Huchard, Paris, 75018, France
5 INSERM U699, Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité University, Faculté de Médecine Xavier Bichat, 16 rue Henri Huchard, Paris, 75018, France
Arthritis Research & Therapy 2012, 14:R115 doi:10.1186/ar3841Published: 14 May 2012
The excess of adipose tissue in obese individuals may have immunomodulating properties and pharmacokinetic consequences. The aim of this study was to determine whether body mass index (BMI) affects response to infliximab (IFX) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients.
In 155 patients retrospectively included with active AS, the BMI was calculated before initiation of IFX treatment (5 mg/kg intravenously). After 6 months of treatment, changes from baseline in BASDAI, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain, C-reactive protein (CRP) level, and total dose of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) were dichotomized with a threshold corresponding to a decrease of 50% of initial level of the measure, into binary variables assessing response to IFX (BASDAI50, VAS50, CRP50, NSAID50). Whether the BMI was predictive of the response to IFX therapy according to these definitions was assessed with logistic regression.
Multivariate analysis found that a higher BMI was associated with a lower response for BASDAI50 (P = 0.0003; OR, 0.87; 95% CI (0.81 to 0.94)), VAS50 (P < 0.0001; OR, 0.87; 95% CI (0.80 to 0.93)); CRP50 (P = 0.0279; OR, 0.93; 95% CI (0.88 to 0.99)), and NSAID50 (P = 0.0077; OR, 0.91; 95% CI (0.85 to 0.97)), criteria. According to the three WHO BMI categories, similar results were found for BASDAI50 (77.6%, 48.9%, and 26.5%; P < 0.0001), VAS50 (72.6%, 40.4%, and 16.7%; P < 0.0001); CRP50 (87.5%, 65.7%, and 38.5%; P = 0.0001), and NSAID50 (63.2%, 51.5%, and 34.6%; P = 0.06).
This study provides the first evidence that a high BMI negatively influences the response to IFX in AS. Further prospective studies, including assessment of the fat mass, pharmacokinetics, and adipokines dosages are mandatory to elucidate the role of obesity in AS IFX response.