Obesity measure - carotid plaque relations in African women with RA. Disparities in the relationships of obesity measures with ultrasonographically determined carotid artery plaque between black and Caucasian women with RA after adjustment for age and healthcare (model 1), age, healthcare and non-metabolic risk factors including lifestyle factors, current disease activity (DAS28), cumulative disease activity (deformed joints), prednisone use, hypothyroidism, hormone replacement therapy and cardiovascular drug use (model 2) and age, healthcare center and metabolic risk factors comprising systolic and diastolic blood pressure and HDL cholesterol, triglyceride and glucose concentrations (model 3). Open and closed circles and their horizontal crossing lines represent the odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the relationships in Caucasian and black women, respectively. BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval; DAS28, Disease Activity Score in 28 joints; HDL, high density liporotein; ht, height; OR, odds ratio; RA, rheumatoid arthritis.
Solomon et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2012 14:R67 doi:10.1186/ar3784