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Open Access Research article

Oestrogen deficiency modulates particle-induced osteolysis

Christophe Nich1*, Jean Langlois1, Arnaud Marchadier23, Catherine Vidal3, Martine Cohen-Solal4, Hervé Petite1 and Moussa Hamadouche1

Author Affiliations

1 Laboratoire de Bioingénierie et Biomécanique Ostéo-articulaires, Faculté de Médecine Paris 7-Denis Diderot, 10, avenue de Verdun, 75010 Paris, France

2 Useful Progress, 23, rue d'Anjou, 75008 Paris, France

3 Institut Pasteur and INSERM U747, Laboratory of Stem cells, Signaling and Prions, Université Paris 5-René Descartes, 45 Rue des Saints-Pères, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France

4 INSERM U606, Faculté de Médecine Paris 7-Denis Diderot, 10, avenue de Verdun, 75010 Paris, France

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Arthritis Research & Therapy 2011, 13:R100  doi:10.1186/ar3381

Published: 22 June 2011

Abstract

Introduction

Postmenopausal osteoporosis may modulate bone response to wear debris. In this article, we evaluate the influence of oestrogen deficiency on experimental particle-induced osteolysis.

Methods

Polyethylene (PE) particles were implanted onto the calvaria of normal controls, sham-ovariectomized (OVX), OVX mice and OVX mice supplemented with oestrogen (OVX+E). After 14 days, seven skulls per group were analyzed using a high-resolution micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and histomorphometry, and for tartrate-specific alkaline phosphatase. Five calvariae per group were cultured for the assay of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and receptor activator of the nuclear factor κB (RANKL) secretion using quantitative ELISA. Serum IL-6 concentrations were obtained. The expression of RANKL and osteoprotegerin (OPG) mRNA were evaluated using real-time PCR.

Results

As assessed by μCT and by histomorphometry, PE particles induced extensive bone resorption and an intense inflammatory reaction in normal controls, sham-OVX and OVX+E mice, but not in the OVX mice group. In normal controls, sham-OVX and OVX+E mice, PE particles induced an increase in serum IL-6, in TNF-α and RANKL local concentrations, and resulted in a significant increase in RANKL/OPG messenger RNA (mRNA) ratio. Conversely, these parameters remained unchanged in OVX mice after PE implantation.

Conclusions

Oestrogen privation in the osteolysis murine model ultimately attenuated osteolytic response to PE particles, suggesting a protective effect. This paradoxical phenomenon was associated with a down-regulation of pro-resorptive cytokines. It is hypothesized that excessive inflammatory response was controlled, illustrated by the absence of increase of serum IL-6 in OVX mice after PE implantation.