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Review

Renal co-morbidity in patients with rheumatic diseases

Hans-Joachim Anders* and Volker Vielhauer

Author Affiliations

Medizinische Poliklinik, Klinikum der Universität München - Innenstadt, Pettenkoferstraße 8a, 80336 Munchen, Germany

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Arthritis Research & Therapy 2011, 13:222  doi:10.1186/ar3256

Published: 29 June 2011

Abstract

Renal co-morbidity is common in patients with rheumatic disease based on regular assessment of serum and urine parameters of renal function. When patients present with both arthritis and renal abnormalities the following questions have to be addressed. Is kidney disease a complication of rheumatic disease or its management, or are they both manifestations of a single systemic autoimmune disease? Is rheumatic disease a complication of kidney disease and its management? How do rheumatic disease and kidney disease affect each other even when they are unrelated? The present review provides an overview of how to address these questions in daily practice.