Table 3

Predictors of receiving preventive services in men and women enrolled in the Lupus Outcomes Study

Immunizations

Cancer Screening



Influenza Vaccine (n = 626)

Pneumococc al Vaccine (n = 491)

Colon Cancer Screening (n = 389)

Mammogram (n = 545)

Cervical cancer Screenin g (n = 430)


Odds Ratio (95% CI)

Sociodemographics

Age (per 10 units)

1.3 (1.1, 1.5)

1.4 (1.2, 1.7)

1.7 (1.2, 2.5)

1.4 (1.1, 1.8)

1.2 (1.0, 1.5)

Female

1.1 (0.6, 2.1)

1.1 (0.5, 2.2)

0.5 (0.2, 1.2)

--

--

Non-White

0.7 (0.5, 1.1)

0.7 (0.4, 1.1)

0.8 (0.5, 1.4)

1.6 (1.0, 2.6)

1.2 (0.7, 2.0)

Education

High School Graduate

0.7 (0.4, 1.3)

0.9 (0.4, 1.7)

0.9 (0.4, 1.9)

1.3 (0.7, 2.6)

1.5 (0.7, 3.4)

Some College

0.5 (0.3, 0.8)

0.5 (0.2, 0.9)

0.8 (0.4, 1.5)

0.8 (0.4, 1.4)

0.4 (0.2, 0.9)

College Graduate (referent)

Income

Below Poverty

0.7 (0.5, 1.1)

0.8 (0.5, 1.2)

0.9 (0.5, 1.5)

1.0 (0.6, 1.5)

0.4 (0.2,0.6)

Health Care Access

Insurance

HMO and Public Insurance (Medicaid, Medicare)

2.5 (1.2, 5.3)

4.5 (1.8, 11.3)

0.4 (0.2, 1.0)

0.7 (0.3, 1.4)

0.4 (0.2, 1.1)

HMO and Private

0.9 (0.6, 1.5)

2.0 (1.1, 3.4)

0.5 (0.2, 0.8)

0.8 (0.5, 1.4)

0.4 (0.2, 0.6)

Insurance

No HMO, Public

0.9 (0.5 to 1.4)

1.5 (0.9 to 2.6)

0.7 (0.3, 1.2)

0.6 (0.4, 1.1)

0.4 (0.2, 0.8)

Insurance (Medicaid, Medicare)

No HMO, Private Insurance (referent)

Physician Visits

Generalist involved in health care

1.6 (1.0, 2.5)

1.8 (1.0, 3.0)

0.6 (0.3, 1.1)

1.5 (0.9, 2.5)

2.2 (1.3, 3.7)

Rheumatologist involved in health care

2.3 (1.4, 3.8)

1.5 (0.8, 2.9)

0.8 (0.4, 1.5)

1.4 (0.8, 2.3)

1.0 (0.5, 2.0)

Total physician visits (per five visits)

1.1 (1.0, 1.2)

1.1 (1.0, 1.3)

1.3 (1.1, 1.5)

1.2 (1.0, 1.3)

1.2 (1.0. 1.4)

Health Status

SLAQ Score (per 10 units)

0.7 (0.5, 1.0)

0.7 (0.5, 1.0)

1.2 (0.8, 1.8)

1.0 (0.8, 1.4)

1.2 (0.8, 1.7)

SF-36 Physical Function (per 10 units)

0.9 (0.8, 1.0)

0.9 (0.8, 1.0)

1.0 (0.9, 1.1)

1.2 (1.1, 1.3)

1.2 (1.1, 1.3)

Contextual Factor

Neighborhood Poverty Area

1.4 (0.7, 2.5)

1.2 (0.6, 2.4)

2.2 (0.9, 5.4)

0.9 (0.4, 1.7)

1.6 (0.6, 4.1)


Abbreviations: SLAQ, Systemic Lupus Activity Questionnaire; SF-36, Short-Form 36 Health Survey; HMO, Health Maintenance Organization. Bolded values indicate P < 0.05.

Yazdany et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2010 12:R84   doi:10.1186/ar3011

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