Plasma levels of Th17-driving cytokines and IL-10 in patients with SLE and healthy controls. Plasma levels of Th17-polarizing cytokinesg(IL-1β, IL-6, IL-21, TGF-β, and IL-23) and IL-10 were measured in patients with SLE and healthy control subjects (HCs) by using ELISA or multiplex cytokine assay. Bars show the means. Samples from 21 patients with SLE and 24 healthy controls for cytokines except TGF-β (n = 20 and n = 19 for lupus patients and healthy controls, respectively).
Shah et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2010 12:R53 doi:10.1186/ar2964