Table 2

Energy intake according to food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and Swedish recommendations for low active individuals

Women with RA (n = 61)

Recommendations for females

Men with RA (n = 19)

Recommendations for males


Energy, kcal

1,668 (1,537 to 1,799)

2,200

2,402 (2,123 to 2,680)

2,700

Carbohydrate, g

195 (178 to 212)

293

268 (238 to 298)

369

Carbohydrate, E%

48

55

45

55

Protein, g

73.0 (66.7 to 79.3)

86

103 (88.4 to 118)

107

Protein, g/kg

1.13 (1.01 to 1.23)

1.18 (1.0 to 1.36)

Protein, E%

18

16

17

16

Total fat, g

61.1 (55.8 to 66.4)

69

88.6 (75.1 to 102.1)

87

Total fat, E%

33

28

33

28

SFA, g

26.4 (23.7 to 29.0)

20

39.1 (31.9 to 46.2)

30

SFA, E%

14

10

15

10

MUFA, g

21.0 (19.2 to 22.8)

30

30.9 (26.5 to 35.2)

40

MUFA, E%

11

11

12

11

PUFA, g

8.9 (7.9 to 9.8)

15 to 30

11.8 (9.8 to 13.8)

15 to 30

PUFA, E%

4.8

5

4.4

5

Omega 3 FA, g

1.9 (1.8–2.1)

≥ 3.0

1.7 (1.6–1.8)

≥ 3.0

Omega 3 FA, E%

1.0

1.3

0.6

1.3

Omega 6 FA, g

6.9 (6.2 to 7.7)

10.8

11.0 (10.4 to 11.5)

10.8

Omega 6 FA, E%

3.7

3.6

4.1

3.6


E%, energy percentage; FA, fatty acid; MUFA, monounsaturated fatty acid; PUFA, polyunsaturated fatty acid; SFA, saturated fatty acid.

Elkan et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2009 11:R37   doi:10.1186/ar2643

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