Table 2

Globally distributed arthritogenic alphaviruses

Arthritogenic alphavirus

Geographic distribution

Comments


Ross River

Australia and Oceania

Reported in travelers and visiting US military personnel.

Barmah Forest

Australia

Sindbis group

Africa, Asia, and Australia

Enzootic vertebrate hosts are birds. Also reported in travelers.

Karelian fever

Russia

Ockelbo

Sweden

Pogosta

Finland

Mayaro

South America

O'nyong-nyong

Central and East Africa

Igbo Ora

Central Africa

Chikungunya

South and East Asia, Africa, West Pacific, and sporadic cases in Europe and the US

Reported in travelers from endemic areas to the US and Europe. Recent mosquito-borne outbreak described in Northern Italy.


Vassilopoulos and Calabrese Arthritis Research & Therapy 2008 10:215   doi:10.1186/ar2480