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Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound activates the phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase/Akt pathway and stimulates the growth of chondrocytes in three-dimensional cultures: a basic science study

Ryohei Takeuchi*, Akihide Ryo, Noriko Komitsu, Yuko Mikuni-Takagaki, Atsuko Fukui, Yuta Takagi, Toshihiko Shiraishi, Shin Morishita, Yoshiyuki Yamazaki, Ken Kumagai, Ichiro Aoki and Tomoyuki Saito

Arthritis Research & Therapy 2008, 10:R77  doi:10.1186/ar2451

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