Table 1

Patient characteristics for the two diet groups at baseline

Vegan diet n = 30

Non-vegan diet n = 28

P value


Patients, female/male, n

28/2

24/4

Age in years, mean (CI)

49.9 (46.6–53.3)

50.8 (46.2–55.5)

0.75

Disease duration in years, mean (CI)

5.0 (4.1–6.0)

5.8 (4.7–6.9)

0.31

Rheumatoid factor-positive, n (%)

25 (83)

21 (75)

Body mass index, kg/m2, mean (CI)

24.1 (22.3–25.9)

23.8 (21.6–26.0)

0.81

Weight, kg, mean (CI)

66.4 (61.7–71,1)

67.9 (61.9–73.7)

0.70

DAS28, mean (CI)

5.3 (5.0–5.7)

5.3 (4.9–5.6)

0.80

HAQ score, mean (CI)

1.4 (1.2–1.5)

1.3 (1.1–1.5)

0.44

Patients on DMARDs, n (%)

26 (87)

26 (93)

Patients on glucocorticoids, n (%)

18 (60)

9 (32)

Patients on NSAIDs, n (%)

24 (80)

24 (86)


P values are difference between groups. CI, confidence interval; DAS28, Disease Activity Score in 28 joints; DMARD, disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug; HAQ, Health Assessment Questionnaire; NSAID, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drug.

Elkan et al. Arthritis Research & Therapy 2008 10:R34   doi:10.1186/ar2388

Open Data